The Salt Lake Temple is "ground zero" in Salt Lake City - addresses are measured by their distance north, south, east or west of Temple Square. The temple was built over a period of 40 years from 1853 to 1893. At 253,000 square feet, the Salt Lake Temple is the largest temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons). The walls, between five and nine feet thick, are made of Quartz monzonite (similar to granite), quarried from Little Cottonwood Canyon 20 miles southeast of Salt Lake City, then transported by ox team and later railroad. At one point, the foundation of the temple was completely buried in anticipation of the Utah War, and the temple location was made to look like a plowed field. Temple Square attracts about five million visitors per year, making it the most visited location in Utah and the 16th most visited in the United States.
This article is intended to describe the most notable, must-see buildings of Salt Lake City. For a more comprehensive list of outstanding buildings in Salt Lake City, see the Wikipedia article, "Buildings and Sites of Salt Lake City."